THE BENEDICT ARNOLD WALKING TRAIL OF COLONIAL NORWICHTOWN
Length 2 Miles, 40 Minutes
Difficulty Level: Easy, some uneven terrain
Benedict Arnold is of Norwich’s most infamous native son. Discover the story of a controversial and complicated man who greatly impacted our nation’s history during the Revolutionary War. The tour gives a glimpse into Benedict Arnold’s complex childhood and discusses prominent Norwich figures that played a role in the Revolutionary War. The tour can be explored in any order. Enjoy!
“Setting the Stage”
35 settlers from Saybrook led by Major John Mason and Rev. James Fitch settled Norwich in 1659. The early settlement surrounded the Norwichtown Green and included the prominent Huntington, Lathrop, and Leffingwell families. The English settlers aided the Mohegan tribe numerous times throughout the 1640s – 1650s during the Mohegan and Narragansett Wars. Sachem Uncas sold a nine by nine- square mile tract of land to the settlers, which includes present-day Norwich and parts or all of the towns of Bozrah, Franklin, Griswold, Lisbon, Preston, and Sprague in appreciation of the settlers’ aid in lifting a Narragansett siege at Shantok.
In the 18th century, Norwich was a prominent manufacturing community, which boasted numerous factories and mills powered by Norwich’s three rivers – the Yantic, the Shetucket and the Thames. Norwich was a thriving seaport; crops and livestock were traded for rum, sugar and molasses from the West Indies at Chelsea Landing. Norwich was a major shipbuilding center and provided supplies, munitions and soldiers during the American Revolution. By 1774, Norwich was the twelfth largest city in the colonies.